Varicose veins is a rare condition, which occurs when your veins fail to function properly. If you suffer from this problem, you should visit a vein doctor immediately. Most people use spider veins and varicose veins interchangeably. However, these two are not the same. For instance, varicose veins are large and appear to bulge out. On the other hand, Spider veins are smaller, red or purple and appear to be flat.
There are several causes of this condition and include pregnancy, obesity, congenital issue, and standing for extended periods. Pregnant women tend to gain weight that increases pressure on your legs. Standing for extended periods and obesity have the same effect. Some people are born with congenital issues. This is a problem that occurs when heart valves have problems. It is easy to recognize this problem from its evident symptoms, which include leg aches, heaviness, swelling, and visible misshapen veins.
A medical doctor diagnoses varicose veins. The doctor examines veins and legs while you are either sitting or standing. An ultrasound test is done to check blood flow. This method is non-invasive and uses high-frequency sound waves. The doctor can see the way your blood is flowing through your veins. Another procedure that can be done is known as an angiogram. In this procedure, you are injected with a dye into your leg and an x-ray scan done in the area.
Treating the Condition
There are many ways Varicose veins can be treated. The easiest method is to change your lifestyle. For instance, you should avoid standing for an extended period. If you are obese, you should lose weight. Exercising is very important as it improves leg strength. Also, avoid closing your legs for a long period. Change your diet and consume foods that are proven to strengthen your veins.
Surgical treatment for varicose veins is only performed in severe cases. A doctor will open varicose veins to treat this condition. Costs for this procedure are dependent on the surgeon and insurance. The other surgical procedure is vein litigation, where a suture is tied around leaking blood vessels. This prevents blood from swelling the vein and flowing backward. Lastly, ambulatory phlebectomy is a vein stripping procedure and involves removal of the entire vein with small incisions. The problem with this procedure is scarring. The procedure is carried out under anesthesia. You can get costs for these treatments from your doctor and insurance companies.